萧勤 pinyin Xiao Qing
1935 Hsiao Chin was born in Shanghai on January 30th. His
father : Hsiao Yu-mei or Hsiao Xue-peng as
he was also known, was
famous in Shanghai for founding the first conservatory of music in the city in 1927. He and his sister Xue-zhenen, born
in 1937, were
brought up by their mother Qi Cuei-zhen, known as Wen-lan, as protestants.
1950 While he
was attending Taipei Middle School, Hsiao Chin, also
enrolled at the Scool of Art, where he studied drawing under the
tuition of Chu Teh-Chun, and he joined the studio of Li Chun-Shan whose work had been very much inflenced by the west, and was considered to be quite
unconventonal. Li Chun-Shan felt
that there was a " wild " side to him, and worked with him on
composition and colours. A number
of self portraits painted in oil, and several very colourful works
date from this period, showing clearly the influence of Cézanne,
Gauguin and Matisse.
1956 - 1957 In
order to continue painting, he managed to get a grant from the Spanish
government which enabled him to go to Spain, in spite of some
opposition. He felt that the Conservatory of Fine Art in San Fernando
was too conservative, so he opted for Barcelona where he mixed with
artists involved in work more representative of Spanish abstract art
: Antoni Tapies and the founder members of the El
In order to survive, he wrote articles on avant-garde art in Europe in the
1950s, for publications in Taïwan such as the United Daily News,
the Taipei literary review Wen-Shin, or the Cosmorama
Pictorial in Hong Kong, all the while, trying to find his own
style. He took part in the May Salon in Barcelona, and
obtained a contract with the Sala Gaspar gallery.
1958 - 1966 Leaving behind Spain and its anti-social climate, he decided to travel, even if this meant him losing the grant he had had such trouble obtaining. He went to Italy, first of all to Venice for the Biennial, where paintings by Mark Tobey and Mark Rothko made a big impression on him. He met Yves Klein, Paul Klee and Gabriele Mazzotta, who became one of his best friends, and one of the most important collectors of his work. After that, he went to Florence where his work was displayed at the Galleria Numero, the second gallery of Fiammo Vigo.
moved to Milan. There he quickly got involved with a group of
avant-garde artists. One of the first people he contacted was the
Argentinian Lucio Fontana, because they could communicate in Spanish.
He later met Roberto Crippa, Enrico Castellani and Pierre Manzoni. He
liked to tell the story of when they all went out one day to
Art was seen as a way to
transcend human limitions in relation to infinity.
This period marked a
change in the both the life and work of the artist. he was on a more
spiritual journey, delving into religion and Taoist philosophy. Yin
and Yang figure in his geometric works.
1967 - 1973 He
went to New York with Giuseppa Pia Pizzo, the Italian artist whom he married in 1962.
1974 Patrice Trigano and
Pierre Nahon organised an exhibition of his recent work in the
galerie beauborg rue pierre au lard, in the 4th district of
Success was consolidated as the exhibitions continued, in Ferrera, Modène and Milan, and honours followed. Invited by the governments, Hsiao Chin went to Taipei in 1978, then Beijing and Shanghai in 1980, where he led conferences on Western contemporary art.
1980 He divorced.
1981 - 1988 While
teaching at the Art school in Urbino, then in Turin and Milan, he
continued to hold exhibitions of his own work, in Italy, Taipei , Rio
de Janeiro and Tokyo.
1989 - 1990 The Tiananmen Square Massacre left its mark on the artist. He did a series of paintings on this theme spring in Peking - before the Tiananmen Square massacre- the Tiananmen Square massacre - a year after Tiananmen Square - the renaissance of China.
the death of his daughter Samantha, Hsiao Chin overcame his sadness
by creating the series the
threshold, Towards the eternal garden.
1992 - 2005 A
number of retrospectives of his work took place in Taichung (1992 ),
Peking (1994 ), Taipei (1995 ), Darmstadt (1998 ), Milan ( 2002 ),
Shanghai ( 2004 ), Recanati ( 2005 ), Guangdong ( 2005 ), and Zhonshan
( 2005 ).
2006 - 2009 The
Beijing national Museum showed Glory
to the source, Hsiao Chin 1955-2005
Sources : As is the case with many documents, this biography is the result of the work of numerous specialists, for whose work references,can be found listed in the bibliography, at the end of this site.
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